On the Brain of Cartilaginous Fishes























During her Ph.D. studies, manta ray researcher Csilla Ari discovered that manta rays have the largest brain of all fish species studied so far and the largest brains compared to their body weight among batoids (skates and rays).  In additon, some of the brain parts suggest well-developed sensory-cognitive abilities and social behavior.












​Manta Pacific Research Foundation is a 501 (c)(3) non-profit organization.  Please support our research projects, education programs, and conservation efforts with a tax deductible donation.

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